Laboratory of Glass & Ceramic Materials

Rostislaw Kaischew Institute of Physical Chemistry


(+359-2)979 2565/2552


-born 1962

-Master of Sciences in Chemical Engineering: Glass and Ceramic Materials, 1986

-University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia

-Ph. D. Degree: Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia, 1996-thesis: Building sintered glass-ceramic materials (tutor Prof. I. Gutzow)


-Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia Ph.D. student 1989-1992

-Vitroma Ltd, Sofia Vice president 1993-1996

-Glass Factory STIND Ltd, Sofia Engineer 1994-1996

-University of L'Aquila, Italy Postdoctoral Research Associate 1997-2000 (EC Project BRE2-CT94-1018)

-University of L'Aquila, Italy Scientific Consultant and Lector 2001-2007

-Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia, Associated Professor 2006-2011

-Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia, Professor since 2011

Fields of Specialisation

-synthesis and characterisation of glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics materials

-waste vitrification

-kinetics of phase formation and sintering in amorphous materials

-theory and application of sinter-crystallisation technology

-formation of induced crystallisation porosity

-Head of the experimental vitrifications of hazardous wastes, realised in the pilot melting furnace in Iglesias (Sardinia-Italy)

-1999 and 2000 (EC Project BRE2-CT94-1018);

-2001 and 2002 (UNIDO courses for environmental protection)

Scientific Activity

-58 publications in refereed international journals

-63 publications in proceedings volumes of international conferences

-6 Bulgarian patents

-5 medals from International Exhibitions

-more than 1500 citations in refereed international journals, h index = 24

-Participant and/or Coordinator of 3 EU and 6 National Scientific Projects

-Scientific referee of mote than 200 articles in about 25 peer review journals

Honours, Awards, Fellowships, Membership of Professional Societies

-The Special Prize of Bulgarian Patent Association 1993

-Member of the Consultative Counsel of Ministry of Environmental and Water-Bulgaria

-Member of ICG (International Commission of Glass), TC05 committee “Waste Vitrification

  1. Karamanov A., Gutzow I., Penkov I., "Diopside Marble-like Glass-Ceramics", Glastech. Ber., Glass Sci. Tech., 67, [7], 1994, 202-208
  2. Karamanov A., Gutzow I. Chomacov I., "Synthesis of Wall-covering Glass-Ceramics from waste raw Materials", Glastech.. Ber., Glass Sci. Tech., 67, [8], 1994, 227-231
  3. Gutzow. I., Paskova R., Karamanov A., Schmelzer J., "The Kinetics of Surface Induced Sinter-crystallization and the Formation of Glass-Ceramic Materials", J. Mater. Sci., 33 [21], 1998, 5265-5273
  4. Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Evaluation of the Degree of Crystallisation in Glass-Ceramics by Density Measurements", J. European Cer. Soc., 19 [5], 1999, 649-654
  5. Karamanov A., Cantalini C., Pelino M., Hreglich A., "Kinetics of Phase Formation in Jarosite Glass-Ceramics", J. European Cer. Soc., 19 [4], 1999, 527-533
  6. Karamanov A., Pisciella P. Pelino M., "The Effect of Cr2O3 as Nucleating Agent in Iron Rich Glass-Ceramics", J. European Cer. Soc., 19 [15], 1999, 2641-2645
  7. Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Pelino M., "Iron-Rich Sintered Glass-Ceramics from Industrial Wastes", J. American Cer. Soc., 82 [11], 1999, 3012-3016
  8. Karamanov A., Pisciella P., Pelino M., "The Crystallisation Kinetics of Iron Rich Glasses in Different Atmospheres", J. European Cer. Soc., 20 [12], 2000, 2233-2237
  9. Karamanov A., Pisciella P., Cantalini C. and Pelino M., "The Influence of the Fe3+ /Fe2+ Ratio on the Crystallization of Iron-rich Glasses from Industrial Wastes", J. American Cer. Soc., 81 [12], 2000, 3153-3157
  10. Pisciella P., Crisucci S., Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Chemical Durability of Glasses Obtained by Vitrification of Industrial Wastes", Waste Management, 21, 2001, 1-9
  11. Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Crystallization Phenomena in Iron Rich Glasses", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 281 [1-3], 2001, 139-151
  12. Karamanov A., Vitale A., Hreglich S., Pelino M., "Sinter-Crystallisation of glass from MSW", Mat. Eng. J. , 12 [2], 2001, 43-53
  13. Karamanov A., .Di Gioaccino R., Pisciella P, Pelino M., "Glass Transformation Range of Iron-Rich Glass and Glass-Ceramics", Glass Technology, 42, 2001, 126-129
  14. Karamanov A., Pelino, M., "Influence of time-lag on the activation energy in non-isothermal crystallization", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 290, 2001, 173-179
  15. Pelino M, Karamanov A. "Reply to "comment on " "The Influence of the Fe3+ /Fe2+ Ratio on the Crystallization of Iron-rich Glasses from Industrial Wastes", J. American Cer. Soc. , 84 [11], 2001, 2742-43
  16. Karamanov A., Di Gioacchino R. , Pisciella P. Pelino M., "Viscosity of iron-rich glasses from industrial wastes", Glass Technology, 43, 2002, 34-38
  17. Pelino M, Karamanov A., Pisciella P., Zanneti D. Crisucci S, "Vitrification of Electric Arc Furnace Dusts", Waste Management 22, 2002, 945-949
  18. Karamanov A. , Pelino M., Hreglich A., "Sintered Glass-Ceramics from MSW-Incinerator Fly Ashes, Part I: The influence of the heating rate on the sinter-crystallisation." , J. European Cer. Soc. 23, 2003, 827-832
  19. Karamanov A. , Pelino M., Ferraris M, Metecovitz I, "Sintered Glass-Ceramics from MSW-Incinerator Fly Ashes, Part II. The influence of the particle size and heat-treatment on the properties", J.European Cer. Soc.,23, 2003, 1609-16015
  20. Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Pelino M., "Sintering Behavior and Properties of Iron-Rich Glass-Ceramics", J. American Cer. Soc., 87, 8, 2004, 1571-1574
  21. Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Pelino M., "Sintering in nitrogen atmosphere of iron-rich glass-ceramics ", J. American Cer. Soc., 87, 7, 2004, 1354-1357
  22. Karamanov A., Arrizza L., Matecovetc I., Pelino M., "Properties of sintering glass-ceramics belonging to the system diopside-albite", Ceramics International, 30, 2004, 2129-2135
  23. Aloisi M, Karamanov A., Pelino M., "The sintering behaviour of MSWI ash glass ", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 345-346, 2004, 192-196
  24. Karamanov A, Aloisi M., Pelino M., "Sintering behaviour of a glass obtained from MSWI ash" J. European Cer. Soc. 25, 2005, 1531-1540
  25. Karamanov A., Karamanova E., Ferrante F., Pelino M. , "The effect of scrap addition on the sintering behavior of hard porcelain", Ceramics International, 32, 2006, 727-732
  26. Karamanov A, Pelino M. "Sinter-Crystallization in the System Diopside-Albite, Part I. Formation of Induced Crystallisation Porosity ", J. European Cer. Soc., 26, 2006, 2511-2517
  27. Karamanov A, Pelino M., "Sinter-Crystallization in the System Diopside-Albite, Part II. Kinetics of Crystallization and Sintering", J. European Cer. Soc., 26, 2006, 2519-2526
  28. Aloisi M., Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Ferrante F. Pelino M. , "Glass-Ceramics and Glass-Ceramic Composite Sintered by Vitrified MSW" J. Hazardous Mat., B137, 2006, 138-143
  29. Karamanov A., Aloisi M., Pelino M., "Vitrification of Copper Flotation Waste", J. Hazardous Mat. 140, 2007, 333-339
  30. Ergul S., Akyildiz M., Karamanov A., "Ceramic Material from Basaltic Tuffs", Industrial Ceramics, 37, 2, 2007, 75-80
  31. Karamanov A., Pelino M. "Induced Crystallization Porosity and Properties of Sintered Diopside and Wollastonite Glass-Ceramics", J. European Cer. Soc., 28, 2008, 555-562
  32. Karamanov A., Ergul S., Akyildiz M., Pelino M. "Sinter-Crystallization of a Glass Obtained from Basaltic Tuffs", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 2008, 290-295
  33. Barbieri L., Karamanov A., Corradi A., Lancellotti I., Pelino M. , Rincon J. "Microstructural, Chemical and Thermal Study of Glasses Containing Oxide-Based Wastes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 2008, 521-528
  34. Karamanova E., Karamanov A., "Glass-Ceramic Frits by Fly Ash in Terracotta Production", Waste Management & Research, 27-1, 2009, 87-92
  35. Karamanov A., "Granite-like materials from hazardous wastes obtained by sinter-crystallization of glass frits", Advances in Applied Ceramics, 108, 1, 2009, 14-21
  36. Karamanov A., Arrizza L. , Ergul S., "Sintered Material From Alkaline Basaltic Tuffs", J. European Cer. Soc., 29, 2009, 595-601
  37. Ergul S., Ferrante F., Pisciella P., Karamanov A. , Pelino M., "Characterization of basaltic tuffs and their applications for the production of ceramic and glass-ceramic materials", Ceramics International, 35, 7, 2009, 2789-2795
  38. Karamanov A., Georgieva I., Pascova R.., Avramov I., "Pore Formation in Glass Ceramics: Influence of the Stress Energy Distribution", J. Non-Crystalline Solids 356, 117-119, 2010
  39. Schabbach L, Andreola F., Karamanova E., Lancellotti I., Karamanov A., Barbieri L. "Integrated approach to establish the sinter-crystallisation ability of glasses from secondary raw material", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 357, 10-17, 2011
  40. Karamanova E., Avdeev G., Karamanov A., "New Building Ceramics based on Blast Furnace Slag", J. European Ceramic Society, 31, 989-998, 2011
  41. Andreola F., Barbieri L. , Lancellotti I. , Schabbach L.M., Karamanova E. , Karamanov A., "Building ceramic products based on secondary raw materials (SRM)", Sklar a keramik, 9-10, ,222-225, 2011
  42. Schabbach L.M., Andreola F., Barbieri L., Lancellotti I., Karamanova E., Ranguelov B., Karamanov A., "Post-treated incinerator bottom ash as alternative raw material for ceramic manufacturing", J. European Ceramic Society, 32, 2843-2852, 2012
  43. Karamanov A. , Avramov I. , Arrizza L., Pascova R., Gutzow I., "Variation of Avrami parameter during non-isothermal surface crystallization of glass powders with different sizes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 358, 1486-1490, 2012
  44. Andreola F., Barbieri L., Lancellotti I., Schabbach L.M., Karamanova E., Karamanov A., "Building ceramic products obtained from refractory clay and post-treated MSW bottom ash", Tiles & Bricks International, 2, 33-41, 2012
  45. Karamanov A., Dzhantov B., Paganelli M, Sighinolfi D., "Glass Transition Temperature and Activation Energy of Sintering by Optical Dilatometry", Thermochemica Acta, 553 1-7, 2013
  46. Karamanov A., Maccarini Schabbach L., Karamanova E., Andreola F., Barbieri L., Ranguelov B., Avdeev G., Lancellotti I., "Sinter-crystallization in air and inert atmospheres of a glass from pre-treated municipal solid waste bottom ashes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 389 50-59, 2014
  47. Karamanov A. "Vitrification and Sinter-Crystallization of Iron-Rich Industrial Wastes", Advances in Science and Technology, 92 174-183, 2014
  48. Fokin Vladimir M., Karamanov A., Abyzov Alexander S., Schmelzer Jurn W. P., Zanotto Edgar D., "Stress-induced Pore Formation and Phase Selection in a Crystallizing Stretched Glass, in : Glass-Selected Properties and Crystallization, Jurn W. P. Schmelzer (Editor)", De Gruyter, 441-479, 2014
  49. Kamusheva A., Hamzawy E., Karamanov A., "Crystallization and structure of glass-ceramic from electric arc furnace slag", J. University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 50, 4, 2015, 512-519
  50. Ljatifi E., Kamusheva A., Grozdanov A., Paunović, Karamanov A., "Optimal thermal cycle for production of glass-ceramic based on wastes from ferronickel manufacture", Ceramic International, 41, 2015, 11379–11386
  51. Avramova K., Karamanov A., I. Avramov, "Variations in non-isothermal surface crystallization kinetics due to minor composition changes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 428, 2015 49–53
  52. Ljatifi E., Kamusheva A., Nacevski G. , Karamanova E., Petrovski A. , Grozdanov A., , Karamanov A., Paunović P., "Thermal and Enviromental Charateristics of Glass produced from Metallurgical Wastes", Materials and Environmental Protection, 1, 2015, 11-18
  53. Kamusheva A., Karamanov A., "Pycnometric evaluation of crystallinity and porosity in pyroxene glass-ceramics from industrial wastes", Chemistry: Bulgarian Journal of Science Education, Vol. 25 Number 1, 2016, 21-34
  54. Taurino R., Karamanov A., Rosa R., Karamanova E., Barbieri L., Atanasova-Vladimirova S., Avdeev G., Leonelli C., "New ceramic materials from MSWI bottom ash obtained by an innovative microwave-assisted sintering process", J. European Cer. Soc., 37 (1), 2017, 323-331
  55. Karamanov A., P. Paunović, B. Ranguelov, E. Ljatifi, A. Kamusheva, G. Načevski, E. Karamanova, S. Bogoevski, "Vitrification of hazardous Fe-Ni wastes into glass-ceramic with fine crystalline structure and elevated exploitation characteristics", Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 5, 2017, 432–441
  56. Karamanov A., Arrizza L., "Study of crystallization induced porosity in sintered glass-ceramics with diopside-albite compositions by Scanning Electron Microscopy (Studio al Microscopio Elettronico a Scansione della porosità indotta dalla cristallizzazione di vetro-ceramici con composizione diopside-albite sinterizzati", Il Centro di Microscopie dell’Università degli Studi dell’Aquila: “30 anni di attività”. Edizioni Idelson Gnocchi 1908, Napoli, part 3.1.2, 2017, ISBN 9788879476416
  57. Taurino R., Karamanova E., Barbieri L., Atanasova-Vladimirova S., Andreola F., Karamanov A., "New fired bricks based on municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash", Waste Management & Research Vol. 35, Issue: 10, 2017, 1055-1063
  58. Smiljanić S., Karamanova E., Grujić S., Rogan J., Stojanović J., Matijašević S., Karamanov A., "Sintering, crystallization and foaming of La2O3·SrO·5B2O3 glass powders - effect of the holding temperature and the heating rate", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 481, 2018, 375–382